Parallel Coordinates Plot
The Data Visualisation Catalogue






parallel coordinates Page top parallel coordinates Previous parallel coordinates Homepage parallel coordinates Next

Parallel Coordinates Plot

parallel coordinates

Description

This type of visualisation is used for plotting multivariate, numerical data. Parallel Coordinates Plots are ideal for comparing many variables together and seeing the relationships between them. For example, if you had to compare an array of products with the same attributes (comparing computer or cars specs across different models).

In a Parallel Coordinates Plot, each variable is given its own axis and all the axes are placed in parallel to each other. Each axis can have a different scale, as each variable works off a different unit of measurement, or all the axes can be normalised to keep all the scales uniform. Values are plotted as series of lines connected across each axis. This means that each line is collection of points placed on each axis, that have all been connected together.

The order the axes are arranged in can impact the way how the reader understands the data. One reason for this is that the relationships between adjacent variables are easier to perceive, then for non-adjacent variables. So re-ordering the axes can help in discovering patterns or correlations across variables.

The downside to Parallel Coordinates Plots, is that they can become over-cluttered and therefore, illegible when they're very data-dense. The best way to remedy this problem, is through interactivity and a technique known as "Brushing". Brushing highlights a selected line or collection of lines, while fading out all the others. This allows you to isolate sections of the plot you're interested in, while filtering out the noise.



Functions

Comparisons
Relationships
Patterns




Anatomy

parallel coordinates







Tools to Generate Visualisation

D3 Protovis The R Graph Gallery Vega